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Goats by Breed - Malabari

  • Distribution: Calicut, Cannannore and Malapuram districts of Kerala. 
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  • Numbers: The total goat population in the Malabari distribution area, according to the 1972 census, was 0.389 m, of which 0.028 m adult males and 0.193 m adult females.
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  • Climate:
  • Average monthly temperature (ºC)

    Average

    Range

    minimum

    23.7 24.8-25.9

    maximum

    30.7 28.3-32.6
    Average monthly relative humidity (%)

    morning

    81 71.5-91.5

    evening

    74.5 62.5-88.5
    Annual rainfall (cm) 337.5
  • Breed Characteristics:

    Adult males

    Adult females

    Body weight 38.96 31.12
    Body length 70.2 63.5
    Height at withers 71.9 63.2
    Chest girth 73.8 67.4

     

  • Conformation: Medium-sized animals. Coat color varies widely from completely white to completely black. 31% of the goats have long hair. Males and a small percentage of females (13%) are bearded. Both sexes have small, slightly twisted, horns, directed outward and upward. Ears are medium-sized, directed outward and downward; ear length: 16.20 +- 0.17 cm. Tail is small and thin; tail length: 13.16 +- 0.06 cm . Udder is small and round, with medium-sized teats.
  • Flock structure: The average flock contains 5.44 individuals (range: 1 to 15), of which 0.40 bucks, 2.02 does and 3.02 kids. Two thirds of flocks do not maintain a breeding male.
  • Reproduction:

    Days

    Age at first kidding 609.9
    Kidding interval 286.6
    Service period
    Kidding percentage (%)
    Litter size: (%)
    Singles 50.5
    Twins 42.4
    Triplets 6.6
    Quadruplets 0.5
  • Mortality %:

    Pre-weaning 32.8
    Adults 11.0

     

  • Breeding: Pure breeding except in very limited areas near Mannuthy, where cross-breeding with Alpine and Saanen has been undertaken by the Kerala Agricultural University. The cross-breeds showed improvement both in reproduction and milk production.

  • Performance:

    Milk

    Lactation yield (Kg) 43.78
    Lactation length (days) 143.5

    Meat (kg.)

    At birth 1.63
    At weaning 5.76
    6 months 8.73
    9 months 11.41
    12 months 14.12

    Hair (g per year)

    Reference:
    All information and photographs contained here are posted in conjunction and cooperation with Goats in India.

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