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Goats by Breed - Jamnapari

The name is derived from the location of the breed beyond the river Jamna (Jamna Par) in Uttar Pradesh . [ A distinct strain.cal1ed Ramdhan (also known locally as Kandari Ka Khana) originated from a cross between a doe from the Alwar region in Rajasthan and a Jamnapari buck; it has a typical nose shape, even more like a parrot mouth than is usual1y observed in the true breed. The strain is known to have better milk production and growth, but its flocks are very limited in number.]

  • Distribution: Agra, Mathura and Etawa districts in Uttar Pradesh and Bhind and Morena districts in Madhya Pradesh. However the pure stocks are found only in about 80 villages in the vicinity of Batpura and Chakar Nagar in Etawa district.
  • Numbers: The total goat population in the Gaddi distribution area, according to the 1972 census, was 0.77The total goat population in the Jamnapari distribution area, according to the 1972 census, was 0.58 m. However, officials of the Animal Husbandry Department of Uttar Pradesh state that the total number of pure-bred Jamnapari does not exceed 5000; these are located mostly in the Chakar Nagar area, between the Jamna and Chambal ravines. There is a serious need for conservation, multiplication and further improvement of the breed, considering the extremely small numbers of pure-bred animals remaining. Jamnapari is one of the largest goats in India; it has been extensively utilized to upgrade indigenous breeds for meat and milk, and has been taken to neighboring countries for the same purpose.
  • Climate:

    Average monthly temperature (ºC)




    19.0 7.4-29.5


    32.3 22.2-41.8
    Average monthly relative humidity (%)


    60 30-81


    41 18-75
    Annual rainfall (cm) 76.54

  • Breed Characteristics:

    Adult males

    Adult females

    Body weight 44.66 38.03
    Body length 77.37 75.15
    Height at withers 78.17 75.20
    Chest girth 79.52 796.11

  • Conformation: Large animals. There is a great variation in coat color, but the typical coat is white with small tan patches on head and neck. The typical character of the breed is a highly convex nose line with a tuft of hair, yielding a parrot­mouth appearance. The ears are very long, flat and drooping; ear length: 26.79 cm . Both sexes are horned; horn length: 8.69 cm. Tail is thin and short. A thick growth of hair on the buttocks, known as feathers, obscures the udder when observed from behind. The udder is well developed, round, with large conical teats.
  • Flock structure: The average flock contains 16.0 (range: 8 to 41) of which 0.25 adult males 8.65 adult females and 7.1 young.
  • Reproduction:


    Age at first kidding 737
    Kidding interval 229
    Service period 101
    Kidding percentage (%) 79.6
    Litter size: (%)
    Singles 56.2
    Twins 43.1
    Triplets 0.7

  • Mortality %:

    Pre-weaning 5.75
    Adults 4.21

  • Performance:


    Lactation yield (Kg) 201.96
    Lactation length (days) 191

    Meat (kg.)

    At birth 4.27
    At weaning 12.11
    6 months 15.56
    9 months 24.00
    12 months 29.65

    Hair (g per year)

    All information and photographs contained here are posted in conjunction and cooperation with Goats in India.